Australia is the smallest continent and largest island in the world. As a result, it is sometimes referred to as the ‘Island Continent’. It includes the mainland of Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, New Britain, and several neighboring islets. Here are 20 Mind-Blowing Geography Facts About Australia.
The northern half of Australia is in the tropical zone, whereas the southern half is in the temperate zone.
The Murray River is Australia’s longest river. The Waikato River is New Zealand’s longest river.
The Capricorn Tropic runs through the center of this continent.
The eastern section of Australia is covered by the ‘Great Dividing Range,’ which extends from Cape York to the island of Tasmania.
A coral reef runs along Australia’s eastern coast. It is referred to as the ‘Great Barrier Reef.’ It stretches for almost 1900 kilometers. The northern half of the coral reef’s eastern edge is quite dangerous for vessels.
Two-thirds of Australia is covered by a plateau known as the ‘Western Plateau,’ where rainfall is scarce and deserts have arisen.
Mt. Kosciusko is Australia’s tallest summit. Mt Cook is New Zealand’s highest summit.
Murray River, Murrumbidgee River, Darling River, Lachlan River, Warrego River, Cooper Creek, and Paroo River are the major rivers.
Montezuma Falls, Tia Falls, Russel Falls, Mackenzie Falls, Blencoe Falls, Fitzroy Falls, Ellenborough Falls, Mitchel Falls, Wallaman Falls, and Jim Jim Falls are the most notable.
The continent has 41 big lakes and around 4000 minor lakes. Lake Taupo is a crater lake and one of New Zealand’s most stunning lakes, caused by a dramatic volcanic eruption. Lake Eyre is a big salt water lake in Australia that is formally named Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre.
Arnhem Plateau, Atherton Tableland, Australian Shield, Dorrigo Plateau, Einasleigh Uplands, Mawson Plateau, Mount Carbine Tableland, Narrow Neck Plateau, Northern Tablelands, Shipley Plateau, Western Plateau, and Woronora Plateau are the major plateaus.
Great Victoria Desert, Great Sandy Desert, Tanami Desert, Simpson Desert, Gibson Desert, Little Sandy Desert, Strzelecki Desert, Sturt Stony Desert, Tirari Desert, and Pedirka Desert are some of the major deserts – Geography Facts About Australia
Coffee, cocoa, tea, sugarcane, cotton, and spices are major cash crops.
Barker Passage, Bass Passage, Clarence Strait (Northern Territory), Dundas Passage, Endeavour Passage, Investigator Passage, The Rip, South Passage (Houtman Abrolhos), Suda Bay Passage, and Torres Strait are the major straits.
Climate: The northern half of Australia has a more tropical climate, with hot and humid summers and very warm and dry winters, whereas the southern half is milder, with pleasant summers and cool, sometimes rainy winters.
New Castle, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, and Perth are all port cities.
Time Zone: There are three major time zones in the world. It corresponds to Greenwich Meantime plus 10 hours (GMT +10).
Palm, bamboo, birch, deodar, and eucalyptus are the main trees.
The continent is home to two types of grasslands: tropical and temperate. These are known as ‘Savana’ and ‘Downs,’ respectively. Salt Brush and Mulga bushes can be found in the Savanna grasslands. Eucalyptus trees can also be found in the Downs. As a result, the Downs are known as “Australia’s Parkland.”
Australia is the world’s driest populated continent. Its interior has one of the world’s lowest rainfall rates, and around three-quarters of the area is desert or semi-arid.
Ethnic groups and languages: 90% are European, 7% are Asian, 2% are aboriginal, and the rest are linked to people from Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and other Southeast Asian and Australasian countries. 80% are fluent in English.
Here are some interesting Geography Facts About Australia. Do you add anything?